3 – Herculaneum
The ancient Roman city of Herculaneum, located in the Campania region of southern Italy was smaller than neighboring Pompeii and closer to Mount Vesuvius, such that when Mount Vesuvius erupted in the year 79 AD, Herculaneum, being much closer to the volcano became completely covered in a deep pyroclastic runoff.
The layers of pyroclastic ash, as thick as 50 feet in some places, covered every surface of the city and preserved it to this day. Remarkably, the grand majority of the buildings still possess intact roofs, doors, beds, and even calcified food. Few ancient cities can match Herculaneum’s state of preservation, and it now stands as one of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites.
If the stones of Herculaneum survived the scorching heat of Mount Vesuvius’ fires, it is no wonder that the next stone in our list, untouched by fire, survived intact through the years.
Tags: Ancient Archaeology Discovery Nature Tourism