4 – The Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta stone is an intact fragment of an ancient Egyptian stele of granodiorite stone that was inscribed with a royal decree and published in the ancient city of Memphis in the year 196 BC. The decree, written in the name of the Egyptian Pharaoh Ptolemy V, was inscribed in three distinct languages: Ancient hieroglyphs, Egyptian demotic script, and in ancient Greek.
The fact that the stone was inscribed with the same message in three languages and with minimal variation in content provided archeologists with the highly-sought linguistic key that allowed for the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphs.
Had the stone been lost to history, or found in a higher degree of deterioration, the world would still be blind to the wonders of mysterious ancient Egypt.
Just as the Rosetta stone provided us with deep insight into the minds of ancient Egyptians, the next item on our list provided archeologists with profound knowledge of ancient China.
Tags: Ancient Archaeology Discovery Nature Tourism