Engineering, construction, Commercial construction

Many engineering construction feats have made it easier to sustain life on earth, and the unfathomable-sized residential and commercial construction projects have often advanced major life-impacting developments. 

 

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The developments do make one reflect on how much we’ve advanced since the Stone Age when humans occupied caves and depended on instruments made of rock types. Since then, we have seen amazing achievements in the field of construction engineering throughout human history– and we could say that the highlights of the residential and commercial construction renaissance have prevailed in the last century.

 

 

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Construction projects-- without them, the vistas of major cities would look pale and uninteresting. Within the last century, roadways, buildings, and bridges have become a subject of architectural focus. Humanity has used its intelligence for centuries to construct, design, and conceive things that help us solve the problems of life. 

 

There are now many impressive residential and commercial construction projects around the world, built by great companies, for example, like the commercial construction company in Maine

 

And here, we have compiled the ones, with emphasis on commercial constructions, which take engineering constructions and designs to another level of awesomeness.

 

Here are our top ten choices for the world’s best commercial construction projects. We have restricted our options to those constructed in the last century.

 

 

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1) Burj Khalifa Dubai

The Burj Khalifa has rewritten the narrative of what is possible in construction engineering with its magnificent buildings. This building, which masterfully combines the influences of culture and top-notch technologies, is now an international icon for future buildings with similar construction designs. 

 

As if the magnificence of this building is not enough, the building also doubles as the tallest human-made structure in the world. It is also very correct to assert that it is also one of the most popular engineering structures in the world--the goal of Dubai for boosting its tourism industry

 

Burj Khalifa, 830 meters above the ground building, located in Dubai, is such an incredible feat of engineering structure built by man. It was built to be the focus of the neighboring mixed-use development.

 

Burj Khalifa comprises thousands of both residential and commercial constructions like homes, parks, hotels, made-made lakes, malls, and of course, residential towers. 

 

Burj Khalifa and neighboring structures are arguably more consolidated than any other structure in Dubai presently. This structure, being the epicenter of the downtown neighborhood, concentrates on the development of the area of its location and the provision of undeviating connections to mass transit systems.

 

The building has found the balance between Islamic and modern architectural designs so that a first-time observer would be awed by its aesthetic designs and the retention of its cultural integrity. The Y-shape of the building offers the all-out perimeter for windows in living spaces without having to develop a redundant internal area.

 

Burj Khalifa’s design, particularly the shape and orientation, was constructed in such a way that it would not have a hard time getting accustomed to the prevailing wind in its environment. It has gone through a lot of design iterations and wind tunneling tests to enable it to perform at its peak.

 

 

 

2) Empire State Building

There was a lot of impressive development in the nineteenth century in the U.S., starting with the Empire State Building in New York City, the city of Midtown Manhattan. John J. Raskob, who was the executive of General Motors, had conceived the idea of the Empire State building. He decided to build an office complex in New York to contend with Walter Chrysler, his competitor, who, at that time, was building the Chrysler Building, a 1,046-foot building in the eastern part of Manhattan. 

 

For design and architecture, John J. Raskob visited Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates, the region’s finest skyscraper architects, and developed an elaborate project to construct and finish the Empire State Building at a height higher than the Chrysler Building and also having the project finished before the Chrysler Building. One year and six months was the targeted period for the building to be completed. 

 

The project started in January 1930 with its excavation phase and took on a revolutionary building method-a quick method. The quick method of building entailed the start of the actual building project before the designs were completed, to minimize delays and high costs. Hundreds of men worked all day and all night tirelessly to make sure that the building process was as simple as possible. 

 

The building grew remarkably rapidly due to operational engineering and a highly coordinated workforce. The workers made significant progress by building a minimum of one story every day while building the steel framework of the building. For such a job, it was the speediest building in history. 

 

The project was a model of effectiveness in all aspects, from material logistics to the workforce organization. Also, specialty ‘subcontractors’ like plumbers and electricians worked hard to have the needed internal component installed to quickly improve their efficiency of construction while other workers were working towards having the outside built.

 

 

 

3) The Great Man-Made River Commercial Construction

The Great Man-made River is an underground pipeline network that conveys freshwater from antiquated underground aquifers in the Sahara to Libya for agriculture, domestic use, and for the functioning of industries that depends on it. 

 

This commercial construction, which also conveys the importance of freshwater conservation, was initially conceived as featuring numerous phases, or arms, even though all of it has not been built. But then, the man-made river has provided the much-needed drinking water and irrigation to farming areas and populated cities in the north of Libya, which formerly had to depend on the declining rain-fed aquifers and the desalination plants near the coast. 

 

This construction design is one of its kind due to a lot of factors. It is possibly the world’s largest irrigation project. It is situated beneath the Sahara desert and involves pipes networks that stretch a 2800 km distance. 

 

These pipes can transport about 6.5 million cubic meters of fresh water per day, and they connect to about 1,300 wells. No other similar structure in the world can boast of such feat. The project was formally kick-started in 1985 by the Libyan government, and it is still ongoing. The Libyan governed are also responsible for its funding, and the project is estimated to be completed in 2030.

 

 

4) China Central Television Headquarters (CCTV)

CCTV is one of the most amazing commercial constructions on the planet. There is even a chance that it can also be named as one of the world’s most beautiful buildings. This structure, designed by Ole Scheeren and Rem Koolhaas of OMA, is the headquarters of China Central Television. 

 

The construction of this magnificent building started in September 2004 and was completed in 2008. It features over 54 floors and stands at around 234 meters above the ground.

 

A very noticeable characteristic of this building is the rare skyscraper typology. Rather than competing in the race for perfect style and height via a conventional two-dimensional tower soaring upward, the loop of CCTV stands as a real 2-D experience, capping in a cantilever of 75 meters.

 

The form of this building aids the mix of the complete TV-making process in an interconnected loop of activities. It has two of its towers rising from Plinth, a studio platform for the production of visual contents.

 

The towers have different purposes. The first tower consists of offices and editing areas, while the second tower is for the sole aim of broadcasting news. A cantilevering bridge dedicated for administrational purposes joins these two buildings.

 

The ground-breaking structure of this Chinese television headquarters is the cumulative result of the continuing collaboration between the Chinese and European engineers and architects to attain new potentials for the high-rise. When next you visit China, make it your mandate to sight-see this architectural wonder.

 

 

 

5) The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge

This bridge is an impressive feat of engineering of a commercial construction project. Hong Kong to Zhuhai to Macau Bridge project is an ongoing development consisting of tunnels, artificial islands, and bridges.

 

The whole project, which started in 2009, will span over 50 km. The overall project has been planned to last for a minimum of 120 years. Recently, the last bridge was finished, and the whole project was launched.

 

The Hong Kong-Zhuhai -- Macau Bridge, the world’s longest sea bridge, opened to the public after several years of development. The 55 km bridge is made up of several cable-stayed crossings and connecting roads in the three cities, lowering the travel time between Macau/Zhuhai and Hong Kong from an hour’s boat ride to a 40-minute drive by car. 

 

This bridge is a unique milestone of the strategy of the Chinese government to accelerate the Greater Bay Area’s social and economic integration that includes eleven Southern China cities like Macau and Hong Kong.

 

The central segment consists of three bridges across the navigation channel: Qingzhou, Jianghai, and Jiuzhou. As the connection from air, sea, and land will be prominent, elegant, and unique design was highly sought after. Also high on the agenda were sustainability and resilience in addressing concerns such as the dolphin habitats and typhoons.

 

It was suggested that all three bridges be cable-supported with central structures of various shapes positioned between the carriages to give both diversity and graphical affinity between the bridges. Single column piers were utilized due to environmental issues to sustain the structure, with piles embedded in the seabed. This reduces water-flow obstruction and influences on the Chinese white dolphin habitat.

 

 

6) The Dubai Palm Island 

Without this incredible engineering feat, no catalog of stunning residential and commercial constructions would be complete. They are one of the world’s most prominent building projects and are pretty gorgeous.

 

The whole project involved the drilling of huge quantities of sand, as well as massive amounts of concrete support systems to create the island (s). This island is an exceptional illustration of what humanity can accomplish when we play our cards right.

 

The Palm Islands is made up of three artificial islands on the Dubai coast, Palm Jumeirah, Deira Island, and Palm Jebel Ali, United Arab Emirates. The development of the islands began in 2001.

 

Only Palm Jumeirah was finished out of the three islands and took the form, as the name implies, of a massive palm tree capped by a crescent.

 

Each of the islands was designed to have commercial constructions for entertainment, leisure, to mention these few. Even residential facilities were also built on them, adding more than 500 kilometers of confidential beaches to the city of Dubai when completed.

 

Palm Jumeirah extends into the Arab Gulf for about 5 kilometers and is self-projected as “the world’s eighth wonder.” The developer, Nakheel, is developing it just like the other Palm Islands.

 

The two other islands incurred the wrath of the financial crisis of 2008, and while the land reclamation had been concluded, Palm Jebel Ali was not considered for any further construction in the immediate future. Palm Deira, was intended to be about eight times larger than Palm Jumeirah, but proposals for it have reduced over time.

 

The conversion of this construction process to a less enthusiastic four-island site is now planned. Eventually, this 1,530-hectare creation will include commercial constructions like hotels, a marina, and a sprawling mall, in addition to residential towers.

 

 

 

7) Regatta Hotel Complex Commercial Construction Jarkata Indonesia

Not only is this hotel complex one of the world’s most stunning commercial constructions, but it should also be one of the top ten most iconic architecture. Atelier Enam designed the hotel, based on a modern aesthetic. 

 

The focal point of the project is the ergonomic hotel that oversees the Java Sea. You’re not going to be shocked to hear the hotel is a five-star hotel. The hotel also provides an aqua park on the land area on which the complex sits.

 

The Regatta is a combined construction complex of eleven skyscrapers at Pluit, Jakarta, Indonesia, overlooking the Java Sea. The complex has approximately eleven hectares of land. And within the complex, there is a 2.4-hectare aqua park.

 

This commercial construction was crafted by Atkins, the same person who designed the Burj Al Arab hotel in Dubai. The concept of Regatta is everything that is associated with the sea. Regatta, with ten buildings, provides a modern architecture model for interior and exterior designs. 

 

The buildings will resemble the parade of a tall ship. Leisure is re-defined with Regatta, with each tower consisting of four apartments and exclusivity guaranteed. The towers comprise designs that are influenced by the name of cities, such as Monte Carlo, Miami, Rio De Janeiro, New York, London, Dubai, Tokyo, Shanghai, Sidney, and Acapulco as the world’s capital.

 

The hotel building is the tallest of the towers, standing at 163 meters tall with 40 floors above floor level. The layout of architecture embraces modern aesthetics, the highlight of which is the hotel with sleek lines. These lines are a series of ten similarly designed apartment towers, denoting tall ships navigating around the hotel’s ‘lighthouse,’ which earned the name ‘Regatta.’ This building won the 2010 FIABCI (International Federation of Real Estate) Prix d’Excellence Awards.

 

All residential towers are called after the world’s biggest port cities and are each geared towards the defined direction of their respective city.

 

 

 

8) South to North Water Transfer Commercial Construction Project, China

Northern China consists of about fifty percent of China’s population but just twenty percent of its overall water supplies. China has invested the last fifteen years constructing a collection of canals to move the water to where it’s needed to balance things out a bit.

 

This commercially constructed central canal was built in 2014, with two more still under development. Around 45 billion cubic meters of freshwater will be transported annually once the whole system is complete.

 

China’s South to North Water Diversion Scheme is the first of its kind ever attempted. The task consists of providing water to the dry north by pumping it from the southern rivers.

 

This enormous commercial construction project has taken fifty years from conceptualization to outset and is supposed to take nearly the same time to build. Anticipated for conclusion in 2050, it will gradually channel 44.8 billion cubic meters per year to the drier north populated areas.

 

Once completed, the work will connect China’s four major rivers – the Yellow River, Yangtze, Haihe, and Huaihe – and will necessitate the development of three waterway routes across the western, central, and eastern parts of the country, stretching south to north.

 

It is estimated that the entire project would cost $62 billion, more than twice as much as the infamous Three Gorges Dam in the region.

 

China’s northern side has a larger population, industry, and agriculture hub for a long time, and with all three growing areas, the per capita share of the area’s scarce water resources unavoidably continued to fall. 

 

Traditionally, this has prompted the over-exploitation of groundwater – mostly providing industrial and urban development at the cost of agriculture – resulting in a shortage of water in rural areas. Additionally, frequent sandstorms and land subsidence in the region were also related to groundwater overuse.

 

 

 

9) U.S. Interstate Project, USA

The U.S. interstate commercial construction program is one of the lengthiest and most costly building projects in recent history, extending across an estimated 77,000 kilometers of highways. It is certainly one of the globe’s most incredible constructions. 

 

Dwight D. Eisenhower had launched the initiative to achieve a double function. The first function of this program was to strengthen local military forces’ capacity to be responsive to issues of emergency and also to help drastically boost the U.S. economy. And this involves enhanced shipping and general transport throughout the country. 

 

The development started in 1956, with the last chapter of the construction just finished in 1992, the I-70 through Colorado. It can be stated that this commercial construction project would be ongoing in the coming years.

 

 Even though most of the constructions were financed by the U.S government, the Interstate Highway will be maintained by the states that it cuts across. The Highway sticks to the federal guidelines such as access control, the use of the least number of traffic lights, and Federal road signs requirements. 

 

Interstate Highways makes use of a numerical system in which the Main Interstates are allocated one- or two-digit numbers, and three-digit numbers are allocated to shorter routes where the penultimate and last digits correspond to the parent route. The Interstate Highway commercial construction project was funded partly through the Highway Trust Fund, a trust fund financed by a federal fuel tax.

 

 

 

10) Songdo International Business District, South Korea

Songdo is a whole residential and commercial constructed area, built on fully reclaimed land. The scope of this program makes it among the largest in recorded existence and a major investment in labor and resources. In 2015, the complete work was finished to include a combined-use site consisting of tens of thousands of residences, office space, and retail space.

 

U.S. Real Estate companies funding has been provided for the project as well as commercial establishments in South Korea. The overall site includes automatic recycling systems, WiFi, and other technologies. 

 

The Songdo International Business Community was established in the town of Seol on reclaimed land in the ocean. It is believed that it has cost $40 billion for the whole city, but accurate figures are difficult considering the complexity of the project. The massive landmass on which the city now stands was reclaimed. As far as the growth of private real estate goes, Songdo IBD is the largest of its kind in human history. 

 

The project comprises commercial constructions like 10,000,000 sq. ft. of store outlets, 50,000,000 sq. Ft. of office space and 80,000 residential constructions, and it was completed in 2015. 

 

The U.S. real estate companies financed 70% of the project privately, with the residual stake being funded by a South Korean steel company called Posco. This is a “smart” city that is connected to WiFi, plus it features tons of technological innovations and numerous automatic recycling plants.

 

 

 

 

Conclusion

Since the dawn of civilization, by building the largest and greatest residential and commercial constructions, humanity has continually tried to outdo itself. Influenced by belief, control, necessary conditions, or even just a passion for exploration, over the decades, there have been several wonderful masterpieces in design and architecture. 

 

There are some awe-inspiring innovations in residential and commercial constructions that promise to revolutionize construction and design further. And these range from building some of the most impressive skyscrapers to the development of artificial islands that mimics nature, thus providing the perfect environment for relaxation and further exploration. 

 

Buildings dedicated to national activities are also not an exception to the witty architectural thoughts that have dominated the minds of these talented builders. The truth remains that there is no limit to what humanity can achieve in terms of construction, and particularly, in this case, commercial construction.

Tags: Commercial construction construction Engineering

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